I can’t believe it has almost been 3 years since I wrote about my data storage and backup strategy! In that post, I mentioned near the end that I would be experimenting with online backup solution. To cut a long story short, I started with Mozy (crappy OS X client), then Carbonite (didn’t support external drive), and ended up using CrashPlan instead. It took a while (as in months) to back up all of my iMovie files, Aperture vault, plus other files totaling ~1.5TB to CrashPlan but it is all worth it because just over 2 weeks ago my Drobo started failing. The only reason I noticed it was failing is because I wanted to edit June’s NY Alt.NET meeting’s videos and iMovie hung on startup. Took me a while to pin it down to the Drobo/Hard Disks because I don’t have a lot of free time nowadays with 2 toddlers running around the apartment.
Turned out almost every file I tried to open on the Drobo failed with I/O error. And there didn’t seem to be a pattern as to which files are good and which are bad. Fortunately files I restored from CrashPlan seem to be fine so at least I have a good copy somewhere. After some more probing and waiting for Drobo customer support to response to my help ticket (not very helpful), I ended up purchasing the Synology DS1512+ NAS as a replacement.
Replacing my 2nd generation Drobo with a NAS has been on my plan for a while. Leah’s Macbook is getting full and some point in the future I will be replacing my 7 years old MacPro with a new machine, probably a laptop with SSD (Macbook Pro with Retina Display? Yum!) and it won’t make economic sense to store everything on the SSD or attached an external drive to a laptop. The Drobo failure just pushed the purchase decision up a few months.
The setup now consists of:
- Synology DS1512+ with two Seagate Barracuda 7200 1.5TB and one Western Digital Caviar Green 1.5TB (repurposed from the Drobo) disks, using SHR (Synology Hybrid RAID) resulting in 2.68TB of storage, connected to the Cisco E3000 wi-fi router
- MacPro now hardwired to the Cisco router via 50 feet long CAT5e cable
- The NAS drive is mounted using AFP, with auto-mount setup
I’m still undecided on what to do with the Drobo enclosure and the remaining three 1TB drives. One of the drive will replace an old 500GB drive in the external drive that I use for mirroring my MacPro internal drive. I may create a RAID-0 setup for the MacPro using the remaining two 1TB drives. But then again, considering the amount of work involves I probably won’t.
After setting up the NAS and created the volume which took less than an hour, the first thing I did is set up CrashPlan on the NAS itself. Since Synology NAS runs a variant of Linux (BusyBox), it is (relatively) easy to setup CrashPlan’s linux client and runs it headless. Relatively easy as in if you are familiar and comfortable with working in *nix terminal shell.
To administrate this headless client, I need to run the CrashPlan GUI client on my Mac and connect to the NAS via SSH. This turns out to be a little hacky. To make life a little easier, I make a copy of the GUI client, edited the necessary settings, and setup SSH local port forwarding. Even with this, I still need to open up a terminal, ssh into the NAS, then run the GUI client. I think it may be possible to script this process but I haven’t spent time to research that.
I have the CrashPlan+ Family Unlimited account and it is simply a matter of adding the Synology to CrashPlan as a new machine and started backing up files directly from the NAS.
The first batch of files I restored were my iTunes library. The process to switch iTunes from using the Drobo to NAS was much simpler and more straightforward than I thought it would be. Simply change the iTunes library location in the Preferences. Clicked ‘Yes’ when it asked whether I want iTunes to move files to new location (this will only move some files). Then tried to play a file (any will do) and let iTunes figure out the file’s new location. Done. I didn’t use the library consolidate function because iTunes will try to copy the files to new location, which won’t work as the files were all corrupted on the Drobo.
I did use the consolidate function for Leah’s Macbook and the copy process took less than an hour over Gigabit ethernet. As the original files are left untouched at the old location, I’m planning to delete them to free up space after a week or so of usage.
I keep the main Aperture library on local disk for speed with an Aperture Vault on the Drobo. Instead of restoring the vault, it will be much faster to just create a new vault on the NAS. Despite the fact I get pretty decent write speed to the NAS (~70Mbps vs. ~15Mbps with Drobo), it took a rather long time to create the vault. Probably due to the fact that Aperture vault consists of large numbers of both large files (images) and small files (delta edits, meta-data, etc.).
This turns out the be the trickiest of them all for 2 reasons:
- Apple leverages the HFS+ file system and stores meta-data in the file resources. Since the NAS volume is formatted as ext4 and thus does not offer this capability, iMovie will not work properly with NAS.
- Apple decides to not even display the NAS volume in iMovie (most probably due to #1)
One solution is to create a disk image on the NAS that is formatted to HFS+, mount it in Finder, then move the iMovie event/project files to it. This definitely works for iMovie (and Final Cut Pro X) so I decided to keep that as an option and tried something less certain but less work. (I’m lazy, ok?)
Thanks to the power of Google, I found this undocumented terminal command that makes network volume show up in iMovie:
defaults write -app iMovie allowNV -bool true
I then moved the files to the NAS volume using iMovie just like I would with the Drobo. It took a long time for iMovie to start the file move operation but once it started the transfer speed was decent (~35Mbps). Much faster than the Drobo but no where near saturating the Gigabit ethernet.
I haven’t done a thorough check on the iMovie project yet. But the cursory check I’ve performed, it looks like this hack works. If and when Final Cut Pro X supports NAS, that will be a very compelling reason for me to upgrade.
Just straightforward CrashPlan restoration from my MacPro onto NAS volume. This will take a while as I’m only getting 9-10Mbps download speed from CrashPlan (my FiOS is 35Mbps both up and down). The restoration requires my MacPro to be running and with the heat during the day, I only run the machine during the evening so it will be at least a week before all the files are restored.
So what are the lessons from all this.
Drives fail, even redundant ones
One can only hope the RAID system will report the failure and continue to work while waiting for replacement disk. Drobo in this case did not do that. It just failed, epically and silently.
Online/offsite backup is necessary
Even with RAID system
Don’t be a cheapskate
Drink couple less Starbucks a month and you are protected.
Panic is avoidable
Because I knew I have a copy of the data safe with CrashPlan. Desperation will only come if you know there is a high chance you’ve lost your valuable data.
Fast internet connection means not a lot, if someone is throttling you
In this case, not CrashPlan but one of the backbone ISP between CrashPlan and me.
Will never buy Drobo again nor recommend it to anyone
I bought the Drobo because of its redundant feature. If a single disk failure corrupts data, I might as well go with a eSATA external drive and spare the expense. Even if Drobo sends me a replacement unit for free, there is no easy way to regain my trust again. How would I know if the new unit won’t fail silently like the last one?